These drugs and supplements increase blood pressure

From pain relievers to stimulants, certain medications and supplements can affect your blood pressure. Certain prescription and over-the-counter medications and dietary supplements can raise your blood pressure. Some may also interfere with medications designed to lower your blood pressure. Here are some medications, supplements, and other substances that can raise your blood pressure. If you’re taking any of these substances and are concerned about the possible effects on your blood pressure, talk to your doctor.

Painkiller

Some pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs can cause you to retain water, leading to kidney problems and increasing your blood pressure. Here are some examples:
– indomethacin
– Paracetamol
– Aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, others)
– piroxicam

Have your blood pressure checked regularly. Ask your doctor what the best pain reliever is for you. If you continue to take pain relievers that raise your blood pressure, your doctor may recommend lifestyle changes or additional medications to control your blood pressure.

antidepressants

Antidepressants work by changing your body’s response to chemicals in the brain, including serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, that affect your mood. These chemicals can also cause blood pressure to rise. Here are some examples of antidepressants that can raise your blood pressure:

– venlafaxine
– monoamine oxidase inhibitors
– Tricyclic antidepressants
– Fluoxetine (Prozac, others)

If you are taking antidepressants, have your blood pressure checked regularly. If your blood pressure is rising or not well controlled, ask your doctor about alternatives to these drugs.

Hormonal contraception

Birth control pills and other hormonal forms of birth control contain hormones that can raise your blood pressure by narrowing small blood vessels. Almost all birth control pills, patches, and vaginal rings come with warnings that high blood pressure can be a side effect. The risk of high blood pressure is higher if you are over 35 years old, are overweight or smoke.

Not all women have high blood pressure as a result of using hormonal contraceptives. But if you’re concerned, have your blood pressure checked at least every six to 12 months. If you already have high blood pressure, you should consider another form of birth control. Although almost any birth control pill can raise your blood pressure, choose a birth control pill or device that contains a lower dose of estrogen.

caffeine

About 200 to 300 milligrams of caffeine can cause a temporary increase in blood pressure.
Caffeine blocks a hormone that keeps your blood vessels open, allowing blood to pass easily. This can temporarily increase blood pressure. It can also lead to increased production of cortisol and adrenaline, which increase blood flow and increase blood pressure. However, there is not enough evidence that caffeine increases your blood pressure in the long term.

Here are some examples of drugs and products that contain caffeine:

– caffeine tablets
– Coffee
– Energy drinks and other beverages

The caffeine content of coffee can vary widely, so it’s hard to say how many cups of coffee you can drink in a day. In addition, some studies suggest that coffee may contain a substance that lowers blood pressure, thereby counteracting stimulant effects.
To find out if caffeine raises your blood pressure, measure your blood pressure about 30 minutes after drinking a cup of coffee or another caffeinated beverage. If your blood pressure rises five to ten points, you may be sensitive to caffeine’s effects on blood pressure.

cold medicine (decongestant)

Decongestants constrict blood vessels, making blood flow difficult and increasing blood pressure. Decongestants can also make some blood pressure medications less effective. Here are some examples of decongestants:
– pseudoephedrine
– phenylephrine

Check the label of your cold or allergy medication to see if it contains a decongestant. If you have high blood pressure, it’s best to avoid decongestants. Ask your doctor or pharmacist about over-the-counter cold products for people with high blood pressure.

herbal dietary supplements

Be sure to tell your doctor about any herbal supplements you are taking or plan to take to see if the supplement might increase your blood pressure or interact with blood pressure medications. Here are some examples of herbal supplements that may affect your blood pressure or blood pressure medication:

– Arnica (Arnica montana)
– Bitter orange (Citrus aurantium)
– Ephedra (ma-huang)
– Ginseng (Panax quinquefolius and Panax ginseng)
– Guarana (Paullinia cupana)
– Licorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
– St. John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum)

Herbal supplements are not necessarily safe because they are natural. Consult your doctor before taking any herbal supplements. You may need to avoid supplements that increase your blood pressure or interfere with your blood pressure medication.

stimulants

Stimulants such as methylphenidate (Ritalin, others) can cause your heart to beat faster or irregularly, which increases your blood pressure. Have your blood pressure checked regularly if you are taking a stimulant. If your blood pressure is rising or not well controlled, ask your doctor about alternatives to these drugs. He or she may recommend lifestyle changes or additional medications to control your high blood pressure.

Illegal drug warning

Street drugs can increase blood pressure by constricting the arteries that supply blood to the heart. This increases your heart rate and damages your heart muscle.
Here are some examples of illegal drugs that can affect your heart:
– Amphetamines, including methamphetamine
– anabolic steroids
– cocaine

If you’re using illegal drugs, it’s important to stop. Ask your doctor about addiction counseling or treatment programs.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

Like our content?

Receive our latest publications directly in your mailbox every day free of charge

keywords

Hypertension drug and high blood pressure

Related Articles

Back to top button