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Prevent and slow down age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

There is currently no treatment for AMD. One of the only ways to slow the devastation the disease can wreak is by acting on the modifiable risk factors.

Diet, smoking, and physical and medical conditions are modifiable risk factors for AMD. Depending on the type of AMD, strategies can be suggested to rule out the disease or even slow its progression.


The “treatment” for dry AMD aims to slow the progression of the disease. Several researchers agree that certain dietary nutrients and micronutrients may help slow this progression.

Lutein and zeaxanthin: the benefits of antioxidants

The body naturally produces substances called free radicals, which can multiply abnormally with age or when the immune system is weakened. When they become too numerous in the body, free radicals can cause various health problems such as certain types of cancer and AMD through an oxidation process. One could compare the oxidation of the cells to the rust that develops on a metal over time and wear. Free radicals can also cause inflammation of cells and thus have health consequences. To counteract these oxidation and inflammatory phenomena, certain nutrients can be your allies: antioxidants.

In fact, antioxidants have the ability to block multiple oxidation reactions. Two antioxidants have received a lot of attention for their beneficial role in AMD: lutein and zeaxanthin. In fact, a high intake of foods rich in these antioxidants would slow the progression of the disease. Specifically, they reduce the risk of progressing from moderate to advanced AMD. Food is the safest solution to your health.

Eating more fruits and vegetables that are rich in antioxidants can only offer health benefits for your eyes and entire body.

Major dietary sources of lutein and zeaxanthin

– Curly kale

– Spinach

– Summer and winter squash

– Broccoli

– Green peas

– The corn

Omega-3 fatty acids: EPA and DHA as a priority

Omega-3 fatty acids may also play a role in slowing the progression of AMD. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) are two omega-3 fatty acids. They have anti-inflammatory properties and are essential for the proper functioning of several organs in the body, including the eyes. They reduce the harmful effects of inflammation associated with premature eye aging, one of the main causes of AMD.

Previous studies attribute a protective function to these fatty acids against the progression of AMD. In fact, high consumption of foods rich in EPA and DHA would be associated with a lower risk of progressing from moderate to advanced AMD.

Major dietary sources of EPA and DHA

– Sardines

– Pacific Salmon

– Atlantic herring

– Atlantic mackerel

– Rainbow trout

– Sole

– Brook trout (spotted trout)

– Light tuna

– The crab

A diet of at least 2 fish meals per week deserves to be suggested and can only have many health benefits!

Smoking and physical conditions

According to several studies, smokers have a higher risk of developing wet (or exudative) AMD or seeing the disease progress if they already have it. In fact, cigarette smoke could damage the eye’s retina through oxidative stress.

In addition, cigarettes could cause oxygen starvation around the eyes due to the harmful gases they emit, thereby increasing the formation of abnormal blood vessels under the retina, the main cause of wet AMD.

Obesity and cardiovascular disease play important roles in the progression of AMD. Both of these factors exert a pro-inflammatory effect on the body that can be responsible for triggering several diseases, including wet AMD.

Researchers are not yet in agreement whether obesity and cardiovascular disease can trigger the early development of AMD. On the other hand, the vast majority agree that good weight, cholesterol and blood pressure control could slow disease progression.

Therefore, in addition to a diet rich in fruits and vegetables, including lutein and zeaxanthin, and intake of oily fish at least twice a week, daily physical activity can only be beneficial to people’s health

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

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