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The 7 types of cancer with the highest cure rates

While there is no systematic cure for cancer, early detection and treatment of the disease can significantly improve a person’s future prospects. The types of cancer with the highest relative 5-year survival rates are melanoma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma, breast, prostate, testicular, cervical and thyroid cancer.

Cancer is a disease that causes cells in certain parts of the body to grow and multiply out of control. It can start in one part of the body and then spread to other areas. Therefore, cancer can have serious effects on the surrounding tissues and organs.

Successful treatment can remove all signs of cancer from a person’s body. Doctors describe this as being in remission. However, the cancer can come back after remission, sometimes several years later. Curing cancer would mean eradicating the disease completely without it coming back. Although it can occur in some people, there is currently no specific treatment for cancer.

Many factors affect the likelihood of successful cancer treatment, including the type of cancer. To understand the difference in outlook between cancer types, researchers often use a statistic called 5-year survival. This figure refers to the percentage of people surviving 5 years after cancer diagnosis.

The 5-year survival rate does not indicate whether treatment has eliminated all signs of cancer, but it is useful for comparing the relative severity of different types of cancer. It’s important to remember that many other factors affect survival, such as how early doctors detect the disease.

To get a more accurate estimate of cancer prospects, doctors can also refer to relative 5-year survival rates. Relative survival rates compare people with a particular disease to those in the general population who do not have that disease. They take into account that other factors may affect survival.

The 7 most curable types of cancer

Here are the seven cancer types with the highest five-year relative survival rates. These survival rates are mostly for cancers diagnosed by doctors at an early stage.

1. Breast Cancer

The 5-year relative survival rate for stage 0 and 1 breast cancer is 99-100%. Therefore, people with this stage and type of cancer have an almost 100% chance of surviving for at least 5 years than people without cancer. Stages describe the size and location of the tumor. Stage 0 corresponds to the growth of abnormal cells in the breast tissue or lobules of the breast. At this stage, doctors don’t consider it cancerous, but it can indicate very early signs of cancer.
Stage 1 breast cancer is characterized by the presence of tiny tumors that:

– usually less than 2 centimeters (cm) in size
– have not spread to another area of ​​the body.
Doctors can isolate and treat these types of breast cancer before they develop into more serious forms of cancer.

2. Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer has a relative 5-year survival rate of 99% in stages 1 and 2. Prostate cancer grows very slowly or not at all and is very easy to treat. Prostate cancer that doesn’t increase in size may not need treatment if doctors don’t consider it dangerous.

3. Testicular Cancer

The 5-year relative survival rate for testicular cancer is 99% for localized tumors, ie those found in the testicles, and 96% for regional tumors that have spread to tissues or lymph nodes near the testicles. In the early stages of testicular cancer, doctors may remove one or both testicles to treat the disease. Removal of the testicles is an effective form of treatment. However, it is much less beneficial once the cancer has spread.

4. Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid cancer has a 5-year relative survival rate of 98-100% for stages 1 and 2. The thyroid is a gland in the neck that produces the hormones the body needs to function properly. Most thyroid cancers grow slowly, leaving more time for treatment. Even if the cancer has spread to the surrounding tissues of the throat, removing the thyroid gland can be an effective way to get rid of it.

5. Melanoma

Early detection and treatment of melanoma increases a person’s survival rate. Melanoma has a 5-year relative survival rate of about 92% and 97% at stages 1A and 1B, respectively. Melanoma is a skin cancer and its survival rate is high because it is easily recognized in this part of the body. It is often possible to detect and treat melanoma in the early stages of its progression, thereby increasing a person’s survival rate.

6. Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer has a relative 5-year survival rate of 93% in stages 0 and 1A. Early detection allows doctors to treat abnormally growing cells before they can grow or spread to other parts of the body. Even in the later stages of cervical cancer, cancer cells grow very slowly. Therefore, the treatment can still be effective.

7. Hodgkin lymphoma

Hodgkin lymphoma has a 5-year relative survival rate of about 90% in stages 1 and 2. The high relative survival rate of Hodgkin lymphoma is due to its good response to radiation therapy. This means the survival rate remains high for people with more advanced forms of this cancer. In contrast, other types of lymphoma do not respond as well to treatment.

There is currently no cure for cancer. However, successful treatment can cause the cancer to go into remission, meaning all signs of it are gone. Early detection and treatment of cancer can greatly improve a person’s chances of remission and future prospects.

Sources

https://www.who.int/en/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/cancer

Nouvelles & evenements

https://www.fondation-arc.org/le-cancer-en-chiffres

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

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