World News

this mineral that helps fight fatigue

The importance of potassium and its benefits

Potassium is a mineral that is essential for the proper functioning of our body. The latter is involved in several vital functions. In addition, it is present in each of our cells. What exactly are all its features and where can it be found?

What effects does potassium have?

When this mineral is associated with sodium, it takes part in several actions. It plays a role in nerve and muscle cells, for example, but also in the blood. Potassium is also involved in the contraction of muscles like the heart. The combination of these two minerals allows nerve transmission to muscles. In addition, we note its importance in cardiovascular health by regulating heart rate and blood pressure, particularly as a function of sodium intake.

Still at the cell level, the latter determines the amount of water that will be present there. The mineral salt has a function in the activity of several enzymes. In addition, it will ensure the synthesis of proteins or glycogen, which is a form of storing sugar in the body. Furthermore, its involvement in gastric juice secretion and in the production of aldosterone should be determined. Aldosterone is the hormone that controls the amount of sodium and potassium. Other hormones are involved in the metabolism of this mineral salt, namely cortisol, catecholamines or vasopressin, which is an antidiuretic hormone.

What is the current nutritional information?

In the specific case of France, it is estimated that the recommended daily doses are well in excess of the body’s needs. Furthermore, no official figures have been produced on the subject. However, given the importance of this mineral, especially for cardiovascular health, it is advisable to stick to the 3,500 mg/day intake for this element. In addition, the level of potassium, called kalemia, must be balanced to ensure proper functioning of the muscles, but also of the heart and kidneys. The normal rate is about 2.5 millimoles/liter of blood. An excess is then referred to as hyperkalemia and a deficiency as hypokalemia. An imbalance can cause more or less big problems.

What are the risks of a deficiency?

Hypokalemia can wreak havoc on the body. It can begin with a state of fatigue or weakness, the appearance of cramps and flatulence. In the most severe cases, muscle paralysis and cardiac arrhythmia can be observed. However, the remedy is simple. Just make up the deficit. If the case turns out to be more serious, it is necessary to consult a doctor.

In addition, according to observations, it is found that in developing countries the potassium/sodium ratio shows that up to 10 times more potassium is consumed there. In industrialized countries this is the opposite. We would therefore rather advise increasing the intake of this element, especially in France.

Where can you find potassium?

This mineral is found in most of the foods we eat. Among those rich in it we can mention cocoa (1,510 mg/100 g) or even dried fruits (750 to 1,090 mg/100 g) and poultry (700 mg/100 g) as well as meat (416 mg/100 g). ) and fish (450 to 462 mg/100 g).

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

Like our content?

Receive our latest publications directly in your mailbox every day free of charge

keywords

cell deficiency hypokalemia mineral potassium mineral salt

Related Articles

Back to top button