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Iodine-rich diet in hypothyroidism

Gland at the origin of hormones, the thyroid or thyroid hormones is involved in the harmonious functioning of all cells in the body. In order for all organs to be in good condition, it is important that the thyroid hormones fix the iodine to a specific protein. So, hypothyroidism is the first consequence of iodine deficiency in the body. But which foods contain a lot of iodine? What about hypothyroidism? What should be done to get rid of it? We tell you everything!

What is hyperthyroidism?

It is particularly important to clarify that an overactive thyroid gland is the result of an iodine deficiency. It is an essential element for the thyroid gland to produce the thyroid hormones T3 and T4. So, hyperthyroidism is a common abnormality of the thyroid gland, which secretes a large amount of hormones. It is a pathology much more common in men than in women. And it is important to point out that this iodine deficiency is the cause of several ailments such as fatigue, constipation, memory loss, concentration problems, etc.

Foods for hypothyroidism

In fact, iodine requirements vary according to age and physical condition. For adults and adolescents, for example, 150 micrograms would be sufficient. However, pregnant women have a significantly higher requirement of 200 micrograms per day. The following foods are essential in a diet for hypothyroidism:

the algae

Rich in iodine, seaweed, particularly brown seaweed, are important foods to have on your plate for hypothyroidism.


In addition to its high iodine content, cod is also a mineral-rich food. This is the case, for example, with magnesium, phosphorus and selenium.


Tuna is also valued for its lean protein and is very high in iodine.


Eggs, especially cooked, provide about 55 micrograms of iodine.


Cheese and milk have a very high iodine content.

The squid

Squid is rich in minerals and trace elements and is a popular food thanks to its high iodine content. It is also a low calorie food.

Far from being exhaustive, this list gives you an overview of the best foods to prioritize to better balance your iodine intake in the body. It’s also important to have an idea of ​​the foods to avoid for an overall balance.

Hypothyroidism: What Foods Should You Avoid?

In order to better treat hypothyroidism and not face it again, in addition to eating foods rich in iodine, it is essential to avoid certain types of foods that tend to hinder the proper functioning of the thyroid gland. For example, we can note:

When it comes to limiting weight gain caused by hypothyroidism, it is necessary to cut back on natural or industrial fats. Avoid fried foods, fast foods, dairy products, more than 2% fat, salad dressings, cheeses with 20% fat, butter and industrial sauces.

Foods called “grotrogens”.

These are foods that slow down the free circulation of the thyroid gland and prevent it from absorbing the iodine necessary for the proper functioning of the body. Goitrogenic foods to avoid are broccoli, mustard greens, navel, watercress, peanuts, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts, sweet potatoes, etc.

Soy foods should be completely eliminated from your diet because of their goitre-inducing effects. Therefore, soy foods should no longer be relevant during your hypothyroid diet. For example, we can note the case of soy yogurt, soy beans and seeds, soy proteins. In any case, it should be remembered that the diet with hypothyroidism should not suffer any complications if the basic rules of healthy eating are followed.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

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