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7 common shoulder injuries and what to do about them

Here are 7 common shoulder joint injuries and pain. Medical advice is required in all cases, and as always, the earlier the problem is identified, the greater the chances of a cure or improvement.

The shoulder or chest girdle is a structure that plays an essential role in many functions and movements. This includes lifting, rotating and moving the arm. The shoulder bones are connected to a series of tendons, joints, and muscles that work together to provide mobility. Any problem with any part of the shoulder can lead to shoulder pain.

There are three bones in the shoulder: the scapula, collarbone, and humerus. Shoulder bone injuries include dislocations and fractures. Any of these injuries can lead to arthritis, an inflammation of the joints. This article introduces the shoulder bones and other structures and discusses some common disorders that affect them.

The shoulder joint consists of the following parts:

– The shoulder blade: The shoulder blade or scapula is a large bone in the upper back. It is triangular in shape, with a ridge at the top called the scapular spine. Seventeen muscles attach to the shoulder blade and help stabilize and move it.

– Acromion: The acromion forms the upper part of the shoulder blade.

– Coracoid Process: This small bone is also part of the scapula and attaches to the lower part of the scapula and faces the chest.

– Collarbone: The collarbone sits on top of the chest, below the neck and extends vertically to each side. It is connected to the breastbone by a joint called the sternoclavicular joint.

– Glenoid cavity: This is the joint cavity of the shoulder that meets the humerus.

– Humerus: This is the long bone of the upper arm. It connects the shoulder to the elbow.

Many types of soft tissue are attached to the bones in the shoulder, such as tendons, ligaments, cartilage, and muscle.
Here are some important and commonly injured structures:

– The rotator cuff: This group of muscles and tendons encloses the shoulder joint. It includes the infraspinatus, supraspinatus, subscapularis, and teres minor muscles, which work together to rotate and move the shoulder.

– Tendons: The rotator cuff tendons and biceps tendons help raise the arm and rotate the shoulder. They are often the cause of shoulder injuries.

– Ligaments: These thick bands of tissue help connect bones. Some of the most important ligaments connect the shoulder blade, collarbone, and humerus.

– Bursae: These fluid-filled sacs help bones move more easily by reducing friction, especially along the joints. They allow tendons and muscles to slide over bones during movement. The larger bursa of the shoulder is below the acromion.

7 common shoulder injuries

1 shoulder dislocation

A shoulder dislocation occurs when all or part of the humerus slips out of the acetabulum or glenoid. Dislocations can move the humerus forward, backward, or downward. A forward dislocation or anterior instability is one of the most common injuries. Sports injuries can cause a shoulder dislocation, especially when the arm is in the throwing position. A person can also suffer other injuries such as sprains and strains resulting from the dislocation. A shoulder dislocation requires immediate treatment. The pain from the dislocation can be intense and the person may have difficulty moving the shoulder. If left untreated, permanent nerve damage can occur in the arm and hand.
In most cases, a doctor will treat a dislocated shoulder by reinserting the shoulder into the joint. Sometimes it can be done safely in the office, but surgery may also be required. In general, after a dislocation, a person should rest and immobilize their shoulder. She may also need physical therapy.

2 sprains and strains

A sprain is an injury or tear to a ligament, while a strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon. Rotator cuff sprains and strains are among the most common shoulder injuries. People can develop rotator cuff sprains or strains from sudden trauma, such as a fall or a clumsy blow. These injuries can also occur over time from overuse or improper use. While minor injuries usually heal on their own, a complete soft tissue tear in the rotator cuff may require surgery. Another common sprain is that of the acromioclavicular joint, where the acromion connects to the collarbone.

3 tendonitis

Tendonitis is swelling and inflammation of a tendon. It often affects the rotator cuff and usually occurs steadily over time. It can be caused by overuse, awkward movements or positions, or sports like tennis.
Depending on the severity of a person’s tendinitis, doctors may suggest the following treatment approaches:

– Rest
– Physical therapy
– Analgesics
– Corticosteroid injections
– platelet-rich plasma

4 fractures

A shoulder fracture occurs when a bone in the shoulder breaks. Trauma from a car accident, hitting an object, or falling can cause one or more bones in the shoulder to fracture or fracture. This type of injury can be very painful. However, a doctor may need to order an X-ray to distinguish a fracture from other injuries. Affected people should therefore consult a doctor immediately for an accurate diagnosis. Depending on the type of fracture, a person may need to wear a sling and immobilize the shoulder or have surgery. In addition, she may need pain medication and physical therapy.

Fractures can also occur in the following parts of the shoulder:

– Collarbone (clavicle): Children often break their collarbones in an impact or fall.

– Humerus: Fractures of this part are more common in adults, especially the elderly who suffer low-energy falls

– Scapula: Fractures are rare but can occur after a car accident or a serious fall.

5 bursitis

Bursitis is inflammation of the fluid-filled sacs that surround the shoulder joint. In most cases, this is the result of suboptimal repeated use, such as B. in some sports. Medications, rest, and exercise can help heal bursitis, although some people need physical therapy as well. Doctors may also prescribe corticosteroid injections. If bursitis does not respond to any of these treatments, surgery may be needed.

6 bone spurs

A bone spur is a bone growth that can affect any bone or joint, including the shoulder. Sometimes bone spurs don’t cause symptoms, but they can also be painful or make it difficult to move the shoulder. Arthritis can sometimes cause bone spurs. This can occur when cartilage damage interferes with the production of bone cells, causing them to multiply and form bone spurs, usually along the joint. Pain relievers can help, and bone spurs may not need treatment if they’re not causing symptoms. However, people with symptoms may need surgery to remove the bone spurs.

7 arthritis

Shoulder osteoarthritis is not an injury per se, but it can result from an injury. Arthritis is inflammation of the joints. It can develop because of a chronic condition, such as rheumatoid arthritis, or wear and tear of the cartilage in the joint. Arthritis can cause pain, swelling, and difficulty moving your shoulder or arm. Treatment options depend on the type of arthritis but may include:

– Medicines for arthritis
– Painkiller
– steroid injections
– physical activity
– Physical therapy.
If none of these treatments can provide relief and reduce the pain, a person may need surgical treatment, such as a surgical procedure. B. a joint replacement.


The shoulder plays an important role in many daily activities, whether it’s lifting and reaching, writing, or driving. Therefore, shoulder pain can make normal functioning difficult, and suboptimal repetitive use can cause or worsen shoulder injuries.
People with shoulder pain may try home treatment first, especially if the pain isn’t severe or sudden. Many minor injuries will heal on their own. However, serious injuries are unlikely to get better on their own and may get worse without treatment.
A person should contact a doctor with sudden severe shoulder pain, a suspected shoulder dislocation or fracture, and any shoulder injury that does not improve with home treatment.

* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.

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