Psoriasis is a skin disease characterized by inflammation all over the body and dense, scaly patches. Some studies suggest that diet choices can improve or worsen disease severity. While the immune system plays a key role in causing the characteristic scaly patches, researchers have often linked psoriasis to diseases that increase the risk of heart problems, called metabolic diseases. Preventing these diseases requires a balanced intake of nutrients. Certain vitamins such as vitamins A, D, E and K are essential and vital. Including vitamin therapy in a psoriasis treatment plan can be helpful.
In this article, we examine the available evidence supporting the use of vitamins in the treatment of psoriasis.
Vitamins and Psoriasis
Psoriasis can be an uncomfortable and persistent condition. However, certain vitamins can help reduce the effects. The most important fat-soluble vitamins include vitamins A, D, E and K. The water-soluble vitamins include B vitamins and vitamin C.
The method of absorption of a vitamin by the body helps define the desired effect. The relationship between heart disease, diabetes, and metabolic disease has led some scientists to believe that nutrient intake plays a role in preventing or treating psoriasis. With the exception of vitamin D, most vitamins can only be obtained from food. The body synthesizes vitamin D after exposure to the sun’s ultraviolet rays.
Chemical compounds that contain vitamin A, also known as retinoids, are essential for the production of healthy skin cells. Yellow and orange vegetables are often excellent sources of vitamin A. Yellow and orange vegetables are often excellent sources of vitamin A. Vitamin A is sometimes applied directly to the skin to treat sun damage. In psoriasis, the body produces too many skin cells. Vitamin A can help improve psoriasis symptoms by reducing this overproduction.
Applying retinoids to the skin can reduce the inflammation of plaque psoriasis. The body absorbs topical vitamin A creams more slowly than oral vitamin A supplements, resulting in fewer side effects. Vitamin A supplements can help psoriasis. However, it is always best to get nutrients from food.
Doctors sometimes treat psoriasis with light therapy. Sunlight’s therapeutic power lies in its ability to help the body produce vitamin D. This is a powerful hormone that plays a role in hundreds of metabolic reactions. A 2013 study showed that using oral and topical vitamin D supplements improved psoriasis symptoms. Another recent study showed that taking or using supplemental vitamin D with a steroid cream produced more favorable results than taking vitamin D alone.
Antioxidants may help treat psoriasis by preventing damage from oxidative stress. Oxidative stress occurs when levels of disease-causing free radicals and protective antioxidants are out of balance. Vitamin C, a water-soluble vitamin that also serves as a powerful antioxidant, may help with psoriasis by reducing the effects of free radicals. Vitamin C can be obtained through diet, supplements, or both. Foods rich in vitamin C are citrus fruits, green leafy vegetables and berries.
People with psoriasis often have low serum levels of selenium, a powerful antioxidant. In one study, vitamin supplements helped improve selenium levels in people with psoriasis. Because both vitamin E and selenium are antioxidants, they may help protect against some of the oxidative stress that occurs in psoriasis. On the advice of a qualified physician, vitamin E supplements can be taken orally. Pumpkin seeds and spinach are two good sources of vitamin E.
Other nutrients for psoriasis
Vitamins aren’t the only types of nutrients that can help reduce psoriasis symptoms.
Omega-3 fatty acids commonly found in fish and flaxseed, glucosamine and chondroitin, and methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) may help reduce inflammation and improve skin health. Although the above vitamins are often recommended to treat psoriasis, the most reliable solution is a nutritious and balanced diet free of processed foods alongside conventional treatments.
Prevent psoriasis flare-ups
The cornerstone of psoriasis treatment is prevention. Avoiding certain triggers can prevent psoriasis from occurring. This can help reduce dependency on over-the-counter medicines and medicines.
Here are some prevention tips to keep in mind:
– Minimize stress levels
– Keep skin hydrated as blemishes are more likely to appear on dry skin
– Try to stay indoors in winter as the cold can dry out your skin
– Use a humidifier during the colder months to keep skin moist and prevent flare-ups.
Light therapy can also be part of the treatment.
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Fairris, GM, Lloyd, B., Hinks, L., Perkins, PJ, & Clayton, BE (1989, January). The effect of selenium and vitamin E supplementation in psoriasis. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry, 26 (Part 1), 83-88
Kamangar F, Koo J, Heller M, Lee E, & Bhutani T (2013, August). Oral vitamin D, still a viable treatment option for psoriasis [Abstract]. Journal of Dermatological Treatment, 24(4), 261-267
Maroon, JC, & Bost, JW (2006, April). Omega-3 fatty acids (fish oil) as anti-inflammatory: An alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for discogenic pain [Abstract]. Surgical Neurology, 65(4), 326-31
Ricketts, JR, Rothe, MJ, & Grant-Kels, JM (2010, December). diet and psoriasis [Abstract]. Clinical Dermatology, 28(6), 615-626
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* Presse Santé strives to convey health knowledge in a language accessible to all. In NO CASE can the information given replace the advice of a doctor.
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Psoriasis flare-ups prevent psoriasis vitamins for psoriasis